As mentioned in the previous article, the Bhagavd Gita is a part of the Mahabharata, so when does the Bhagavad Gita takes place in the story?
It all starts in a kingdom. There are two brothers, Dhritarashtra and Pandu. Dhritarashtra got married to Ghandari and Pandu got married to Kunti and Madri. King Pandu was cursed, due to a sin which was committed during hunting, that he cannot unite with his wives. Kunti was blessed with a Mantra she has got from a Rishi, that she could be pregnant to any God she will choose. Kunti begot three children, named Yudhishthira, Bhima and Arjuna, from Yama (lord of death), Vayu(lord of wind) and Indra (king of gods) respectively. Madri, who got the mantra from Kunti begot twins, Nakula and Sahadeva, thorough the celestial physicians the Ashwins. Dhritarashtra begot one hundred and one sons by wife Gandhari. Pandu passed away and his sons the Pandavas, were brought up by Dhritarashtra and his sons the Kauravas. Although grown together, the Kauravas could not tolerate the wisdom and braveness of the Pandavas. Therefore, the Pandavas decided to live in their own kingdom, half of the original kingdom.
Duryodhana, chief of Kauravas, was irritated by the pomp, wealth and glory shown by the Pandavas during Rajasuya Yajna (a sacrifice for the gods). He then by the cruel advice of his uncle , Sakuni, invited Yudhishtira to a gambling game of cubes. Fraudulently defeating Yudhishtira, Duryodhana and his uncle Sakuni, made him lose all his kingdom, his brothers as well as their wife, Draupadi. It was then settled that all the Pandavas along with Draupadi will be sent in exile for 13 years, the last year incognito and must be not be found by the Kauravas or they will be sent in exile for another 13 years period.
Having successfully completed these 13 years, in spite of the obstacles caused by the Kauravas, the Pandavas came back to demand their kingdom. Evil minded Duryodhana, refused angrily, and the Pandavas had no choice but to go to war.
In the preparations for war, Lord Krishna, then the king of Dwarka, called upon Duryodhana and Arjuna, the two leaders of both camps. He gave them the choice, You can have me by your side, and I can serve only as a charioteer and will not fight, or you can choose the whole army of my kingdom. Duryodhana, chose the whole army of Sri Krishna, and Arjuna chose Krishna. Arjuna said, with Lord Krishna by our side we can never lose, Duryodhana dismissing this saying the army will have its power to win.
The day arrived, both camps are facing each other at the Kurukshetra, the battlefield. Then comes Arjuna, with Lord Krishna as his charioteer, to the middle of the two camps. When Arjuna sees the battle about to start, sees his uncles, Gurus, friends, and loved ones about to fight each other, he goes down from his chariot, throws his arch on the ground and with tears in his eyes telling Lord Krishna he will not fight.
Here, at this point, the Bhagavad Gita starts, Lord Krishna gives Arjuna his teachings and encourage him to fight. The Baghavad Gita is composed of questions by Arjuna and their answer by Lord Krishna.