Situated approximately two fingers’ width above Mooladhara chakra, in the spine, is the concentration point for swadhisthana chakra. The literal meaning of the word ‘swadhisthana’ is ‘one’s own abode’. The sankrit word swa means ‘self’ and sthan means ‘dwelling place’. This chakra is symbolized by a crimson lotus with six petals. In the centre is a white crescent moon, the yantras of apas tattva, the water element, and the bija mantra vam. The crescent moon yantra and the bija mantra are riding on a crocvodile, symbolizing the underlying movement of the karmas.
Swadhisthana chakra is associated with seeking pleasure and security. It is associated with the tongue and genital organs. In swadisthana the emphasis is on overcoming fear, and on enjoyment, on pleasurable sensations and sexual interaction. When swadhisthana becomes active, it may manifest as overwhelming desires or cravings.
On a deeper level, swadhisthana is the seat of the individual and collective unconscious; it is the storehouse of all samskaras, past mental impressions stored in the form of archetypes. It is the centre of humankind’s most primitive and deep-rooted instincts. By purifying this centre, the animal nature is transcended. For concentration on this centre, visualize a vast, deep ocean with dark waves beneath a night sky. The tides of the ocean represent the ebb and flow of awareness.
• Taken from Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha, by Swami Satyananda Saraswati